Maybe its money from a long lost relative. Maybe its a business deal or stock trade that went far better than planned, or maybe its a big tax return check or a bonus. We all LOVE getting money we weren’t expecting. I call that free money! Boy, the possibilities start to enter your mind on how to enjoy that money! I’m not talking about the dollar bill you found on the sidewalk or the five dollar bill folded up in a pocket. Those finds are sweet, don’t get me wrong, but I’m talking about some serious money that could afford something big, like a vacation, a new car or a whole lot of fun! If you’re like me, my head can get filled with ideas on how to use the money real quick. So years ago, when I was in one of these sweet situations, I had to stop for a moment and come up with an approach to dealing with large amounts of unexpected money so that I would make the best use of this new windfall. I call it the 30/50/10/10 plan. Here’s my approach:
Before We Get Started
Before we get started let’s do two things: First, take a moment and list your overall financial goals and objectives. It helps to look at the big picture before we get into the details. For me that’s pretty simple: 1) Live in complete financial freedom, 2) Provide for my family, 3) Responsibly help in my community, 4) Pursue our passions. What does that look like practically?
- No debt, no money worry or anxiety, no dependence on others for our needs
- Ample savings for emergencies, retirement, family/house needs, and college expenses
- Live on a balanced budget and teach our kids to do the same
- Tithe to our local church plus support some local charities
Second, before we use the free money, subtract an amount for taxes and (in our case) our tithe so that we know the real amount available for use. Typically, that totals about 30% of the free money. This is the 30 in the 30/50/10/10 plan, meaning the first 30% of the free money. In other words, if we received $10,000 of free money, we would put aside about $3,000 for taxes and tithe, ( giving thanks to God and giving Uncle Sam his portion), then plan to use the remaining $7,000. By doing this, we eliminate a nasty surprise come tax time at the next of the year when the money is all spent and we have nothing to pay the taxes with. Now we are ready to use the rest of the free money. But what do we do with it?
Step #1: Pay Yourself (The “50”)
Since financial freedom is our top priority, always, we need to pay ourselves first, in the form of eliminating debts and/or adding to our various savings and investments. At least half of all free money goes to paying ourselves first. This is the 50 (50% of the free money) in the 30/50/10/10 plan. First step: pay off any outstanding consumer debt. Is there a credit card with a balance still on it? Pay it off first. No questions asked. If there is no credit card balance but there is a car loan balance or a student loan balance, we make payments to pay down that debt. Next, if we paid down our debts and we still have some of that half left, we pay ourselves by adding to our savings and investments in this prioritized manner:
- Top off our emergency fund, if it needs it, which when full, stands at three month’s worth of expenses
- Extra savings for upcoming household needs: replacement used car, replacement washer and dryer, etc
- Money towards the kid’s needs: College 529? Summer camp?
- Add to long term investments
- The retirement fund already gets maximum contributions from the budget so it gets a lower priority for any free money allocation.
Again, about half of the available free money goes to paying off any debts and/or savings, with the hope that we can achieve a milestone of some sort that we then can celebrate as a family.
Step #2: Celebrate!
Celebrate! Take some of the free money and take time to celebrate 1) the free money and 2) the debt reduction and savings milestones you achieved in step #1. If the free money allows us to completely pay off credit card debt. Awesome! Let’s celebrate that. If the free money allows us to purchase, with cash, a good replacement washing machine because the old one died, great, let’s celebrate. If we can put some money away for that next vacation, celebrate! You get the idea. Most people don’t celebrate saving money or paying off debt, but most people will get excited about achieving a milestone. Take the family out to dinner, or go to a movie, or something that everyone gets excited about.
Looking to improve your personal finances and don’t know where to start? Start here. Click on the book and SAVE!
Let your kids know what you are celebrating so they connect the fun with the milestone. The celebration doesn’t have to be big. Just big enough to make the point that the free money is an unexpected blessing that allows you to obtain or maintain your financial freedom as a family. The money to celebrate is a portion of the first 10 in the 30/50/10/10 free money distribution plan. In fact, step #2 and step #3 (explained next) combined make up the full 10%.
Step #3: Meet Family Needs
Now’s a good time to put some money aside for upcoming family needs. These are things like kid’s school expenses, clothes, a delayed car repair or shoes. This money can also go toward a date night with your spouse or attending a special event. This money allows us to catch up on “want” expenses. Those purchases or experiences that make you feel special but don’t qualify as a “must have item”, like an emergency fund or putting money towards retirement. As mentioned in step #2, the combined total of money spent in steps #2 & #3 is not to exceed 10% of the free money.
Step #4: Be Prepared…And Generous (The Last 10)
Want to really experience financial freedom? Try taking 10% of your free money, after you have tithed, paid Uncle Sam, saved, eliminated debt, celebrated and bought something special for that someone special, and set it aside…for what comes your way. That’s right, set aside money for living, and helping, in the moment. Do you have a friend that needs a little help? Maybe that friend just lost her job and you feel like you’d like to bring over some groceries. Use this money! Maybe you get an opportunity to help a local charity. Use this money. Maybe you’ve got wedding/birthday/Christmas presents you want to purchase, outside your regular budget. Use this money. Take 10% of your free money and set it aside as a contingency to help and/or bless others as you feel moved to do so. You may be surprised how freeing this money makes you feel, because it gives you the freedom to act in the moment. This is the final 10 in the 30/50/10/10 plan.
Financial Freedom Is Better
Coming into free money, that is, a large amount of money that you did not expect to get, is wonderful in and of itself. But free money that is allocated in a way that supports your financial goals following financial freedom principles is even better. Why is that? Because the money is allocated consistent with your long term dreams and priorities. Let’s recap the free money allocation discussed here:
- We gave thanks to God for the free money (Tithe)
- We set aside a portion for taxes so that there would be no “gotcha” come tax time
- We paid off debt
- We saved and invested money for future needs, emergencies and dreams
- We celebrated the blessing of the free money
- We invested in some family wants
- We set aside money for opportunities that come our way
That is great use of money we never expected to get. It is invested in both our present and future needs that the whole family will benefit from. This distribution of free money is also generous, grateful and opportunistic, which goes a long way in our quest to live in financial freedom. What do you think of the 30/50/10/10 model? Let’s us know what you think! However you use your free money, I hope you achieve and maintain financial freedom.